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  • [Id, 1807311610510001][SiteId, 1807271753580001][Site, ][Type, 多信息][TopId, 1807301412400001][Name, 科普宣传部][Directory, department-science-technology][Path, /second-nav/department-science-technology][TemplateTopic, second-index.html][TemplateList, second-sec-page.html][TemplateInfo, second-sec-page-section.html][Hidden, False][NeedAudit, False][StaticHtml, False][TopicOrder, 5][Url, /second-nav/department-science-technology][Images, [{"name":"banner.png","url":"/upload/201809/690f5e89edcb4f519ca2a4f8eef103dd.png"}]][SEOTitle, 金沙js55555官网][Description, ][Keywords, ][Remark, ][Content, ][AllowComment, False][Active, False][Children, System.Collections.Generic.List`1[UFU.CMS.Models.TopicModel]][HasChildren, True][Top, UFU.CMS.Models.TopicModel][ImageList, System.Collections.Generic.List`1[UFU.CoreFX.Models.ViewModels.UploadFileViewModel]][HasImage, True] 科普宣传部
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德国让噪音远离生活

作者:金沙js55555官网 发布时间:2017/3/7 上午9:35:07 查看次数:5341

噪声污染是公认的城市环境公害,在德国,噪声治理由于注重法规先行,规定详细具体,治理行之有效。

上世纪70年代,德国开始提出噪音消减计划。立法的第一步对准交通噪音。1974年,德国规定了公路交通噪声的极限值,并把车辆噪声检测列入每年车检,迫使汽车厂家改进设计。之后,德国又规定公路、火车铁轨两旁如有居民区,必须竖起噪声防护屏,机场周边则培育森林。在德国,有一条措施特别令人感动,那就是明确规定“保护公众远离噪音”是施工单位的义务。若施工单位噪声超标,将会被勒令立即禁止施工。施工时间也有严格限制,只有工作日的工作时间才能施工,晚上和双休日都不能施工。

在控制生活噪音方面,德国也走在了世界前列。晚上10点后,禁止在屋外或屋内高声说话、唱歌、吹奏乐器。如果违反守则,邻居可举报,秩序警察会及时赶来处理。即使在周末搞聚会,也要征得邻居同意。

德国人热衷装修房子,每个家庭平均每5年就要“大修”一次,小装修更是年年都有。为了避免因装修引发邻里矛盾,德国人在装修前会张贴通知,告知邻居。装修时,工人会给电锯、电钻、气钉枪等工具安上消音器,最大限度地保证不影响其他人的生活。

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