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高速公路未来的收费方式会出现怎样的变革?

作者:金沙js55555官网 发布时间:2019/1/15 上午11:20:46 查看次数:1521

曾几何时,司机朋友们还要为支付油费和过路费,不得不常年随身携带大量现金,特别是在社会治安较差的年代,还得时刻警惕车匪路霸的惦记。现如今科技迅猛发展,尤其是互联网科技的飞速变革,人们的生活发生了翻天覆地的变化。随着新一代信息技术的快速发展,高速缴费正迎来大变革,微信、支付宝、ETC、无感支付等各种非现金化支付方式陆续上岗,这些也给人工收费带来非常大的冲击。收费员会不会下岗?无人化收费模式会不会实行?

 

高速公路最早的收费方式是人工一对一收费,就是最常见的收费亭,收费员坐在一个小小的岗亭里收钱。然后慢慢有了ETC一卡通自动收费,近年来随着智能手机的普及,网络支付也逐渐出现在了各个高速公路收费站。

 

 

从现金支付到扫码支付

2019年全国交通运输工作会议上,交通运输部部长李小鹏透露,2019年,实现ETC车载设备免费安装全覆盖,实现手机移动支付在高速公路人工收费车道全覆盖!目前,贵州、辽宁、江浙沪等绝大多数省份已经陆续进入了“扫码”支付时代。车主只要开通了支付宝、微信、银联云闪付等任意一种移动支付功能,即可用手机自助扫码过站。

 

半自动和全自动收费方式的普及将大大节约人力资源和时间,实现高速秒通行。

 

 

货车开始用上ETC

当前,中国高速ETC车道仅允许客车通行,因为货车收费模式是计重收费,所以一直未能享受到ETC带来的便捷快速通行服务。

 

但现如今,江西、河北等多个省份都开设了货车专用ETC通道,可实现货车不停车计重缴费。据估算,1条货车ETC车道通行服务能力相当于35条人工出口车道通行服务能力,通行效率将达到过去的3倍左右,可大大缓解收费站的拥堵情况。

 

 

取消省界收费站 CPC卡走入舞台

交通运输部目前正逐步推动取消高速公路省界收费站,其中在试点的鲁苏交界处5个高速公路收费站已经全部取消。但朋友们需要知道,取消收费站并不意味着不收费,而是找到了一种“高科技智能分钱”的完美解决方案——复合通行卡(CPC卡)。

 

CPC卡可以准确记录车辆的行驶路径,内置传感技术,省界收费站取消后会变成虚拟收费站,通过设置具有电子感应功能的龙门架,来自动读取车辆路径信息,作为不同省份通行费划拨的依据。当然,如果货车本身安装了ETC卡,当车辆途经不同省份交界处的龙门架时会自动扣款。

 

 

无感支付 车牌就是付款码

CPC卡虽然已经足够智能,但仍需要排队取卡,排队结算,只不过排队次数减少了很多。未来,高速公路收费方式最大的变革方向是无感支付。

 

无感支付基于车牌识别技术,司机通过将支付账户与车牌绑定,车牌号就变成了“付款码”。车辆行驶至高速收费口时,摄像头在识别车牌后便自动抬杆、自动扣费。与CPC卡、ETC卡等相比,无感支付不需要车载介质就能实现车辆身份识别,只登陆相关APP进行注册、充值就可顺畅通行。

 

当前,无感支付技术已经非常成熟,在广东、天津、甘肃、云南、山东等多条高速上马,大有全面铺开之势,小鹿君相信这将对高速公路收费站区域的通行效率带来质的飞跃。

 

AI智能机器人收费

随着AI智能的发达进步,未来高速公路收费很可能就会出现AI智能机器人收费,到时候AI系统会瞬间识别出车辆信息,可以和地图相结合,使用GPS卫星来定位。实行自动扣费,司机们可以省区停车扫码的步骤,使车辆通过收费站时畅通无阻。而且这种收费方式也大大提高了安全性,系统可以给用户手机上发送收费详单,用户同意之后直接扣费,同时享受和ETC一样的折扣。对于收费站来说只需要一个未来即将普及的AI系统,而用户则只需使用一台手机实时操作即可。

 

不可否认,AI技术在不久的将来一定会完全取代人工收费成为最主流的收费方式,其垄断性和规模一定非常巨大。

 

随着人工智能的普及,高速公路未来的收费方式必然会越来越依靠智能系统。高速公路收费方式的AI智能时代即将到来!

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